Vietnam Livestock and Poultry Feed Annual Report 2018 & Outlook for 2019
 

Vietnam Livestock and Poultry Feed Annual Report 2018 & Outlook for 2019

Vietnam Market Analysis and Forecast Joint Stock Company is the leading provider of in-depth ANALYSES & FORECASTS on agro-commodity sectors. We would like to introduce Vietnam Livestock and Poultry Feed Annual Report 2018 & Outlook for 2019 (scheduled to be released in Mar 2019), with detailed contents as follows:

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART 1: WORLD LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY FEED AND FEED INGREDIENT MAKRET IN 2018 AND OUTLOOK FOR 2019 19

I. WORLD LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY FEED MARKET IN 2018    19

1. General situation     19

2. World top animal feed producing countries           19

II. OUTLOOK ON WORLD LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY FEED MARKET IN 2019           22

PART 2: OVERVIEW OF VIETNAM’S LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY FEED INDUSTRY IN 2018 23

I. PRODUCTION OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY FEED       23

II. PRODUCTION OF DOMESTIC INGREDIENTS        25

1. Corn            25

2. Rice bran     28

3. Tapioca chips and tapioca residues 30

4. Soybeans and soymeal        31

5. Fishmeal      32

6. Wheat bran  32

III. IMPORTED FEED INGREDIENTS     33

1. Corn            34

2. Feed wheat 36

3. DDGS         39

4. Tapioca chips          42

5. Soymeal      43

6. Protein meals (Fishmeal, bone meal, squid liver powder, poultry meal, hydrolyzed feather meal and shrimp meal)   46

7. Wheat bran and rice bran    49

8. Oil meals     51

IV. SUPPLY OF DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED FEED INGREDIENTS           52

V. IMPORT PRICES AND DOMESTIC PRICES  53

1. Prices of imported feed ingredients            53

2. Import prices and domestic prices of some major feed ingredients           55

2.1. Corn         55

2.2. Soymeal   59

2.3. Feed wheat          62

2.4. Tapioca chips and rice bran          64

2.5. DDGS      66

VI. DEMAND FOR FEED AND FEED INGREDIENTS  68

1. Demand for feed    68

1.1. Pig feed    68

1.2. Feed for broilers and egg-laying chickens           69

1.3. Duck feed            70

1.4. Total demand for feed ingredients of livestock and poultry feed production    73

VII. SUPPLY-DEMAND OF SOME MAJOR FEED INGREDIENTS     74

1. Corn            74

2. Tapioca chips          75

3. Soymeal      75

4. Feed wheat 76

5. DDGS         77

VIII. FACTORS AFFECTING FEED AND FEED INGREDIENT MARKET OF VIETNAM IN 2018            78

1. The US-China trade war has caused world soymeal prices to plunge        78

2. The soared US$/VND exchange rate has raised import costs of feed ingredients.            79

3. Pig feed production kept falling because of the decreased hog herds       80

4. Given the continuous growth in Vietnam’s 2018 imports of white chicks, total off-take white chicken herds increased by nearly 10%         82

PART 3: OUTLOOK ON LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY FEED OF VIETNAM IN 2019         84

I. OUTLOOK ON ANIMAL HUSBANDRY IN 2019       84

II. OUTLOOK ON PRICES OF FEED INGREDIENTS IN 2019 86

1. WORLD PRICES IN 2018 AND OUTLOOK ON SUPPLY-DEMAND IN 2019        86

1.1. Corn         86

1.1.1. World supply-demand and prices in 2018        86

1.1.2. Outlook on world supply-demand in 2019       89

1.2. Wheat       90

1.2.1. World supply-demand and prices in 2018        90

1.2.2. Outlook on supply-demand in 2019     93

1.3. Soybeans and soymeal     93

1.3.1. World supply-demand and prices in 2018        93

1.3.2. Outlook on supply-demand in 2019     98

1.4. Fishmeal   98

1.4.2. Outlook on fishmeal supply-demand in 2019   101

III. OUTLOOK ON SUPPLY AND PRICES OF DOMESTIC FEED INGREDIENTS IN 2019            102

1. Tapioca chips          102

2. Corn            104

3. Rice bran     105

PART 4: FEED ENTERPRISES IN 2018     107

I. FEED PRODUCTION BY ENTERPRISE           107

II. IMPORTS OF FEED INGREDIENTS BY ENTERPRISE IN 2018     108

1. The South    110

1.1. Production enterprises     110

1.2. Commercial enterprises    116

2. The North    123

2.1. Production enterprises     123

2.2. Commercial enterprise     131

III. SUPPLIERS OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY FEED INGREDIENTS TO VIETNAM IN 2018 138

1. Corn            138

2. Soymeal      139

3. Feed wheat 140

APPENDIX    141

I. VESSELS CARRYING FEED INGREDIENTS AT SOUTHERN PORTS AND NORTHERN PORTS IN 2018    141

II. ANALYSIS ON SECTOR STRUCTURE           145

1. Livestock and poultry feed value chain of Vietnam          145

2. Map on distribution of livestock herds and poultry flocks by province and economic zone         147

3. Time for livestock and poultry raising and offtaking in Vietnam  147

III. CONCEPTS AND TERMS OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY FEED INDUSTRY            148

 

 

 

LIST TO TABLES IN REPORT

Table 1: Industrial pig feed and poultry feed production growth by region (%)       21

Table 2: Animal feed production by type of animal, 2016-2018 (million tons)         24

Table 3: Estimate on tapioca chip production of Vietnam in 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 (excluding tapioca chips imported through border gates)          30

Table 4: Estimate on domestic soymeal supply in 2018 (thousand tons)       31

Table 5: Estimate on domestic supply of fishmeal, trash fish and by-products of other aquatic species in 2018 (thousand tons)           32

Table 6: Domestic wheat bran production in 2018 by the South and the North (thousand tons)      33

Table 7: Tapioca chip imports of Vietnam through border gates, 2017-2018 (ton)    42

Table 8: Total supply of domestic and imported feed ingredients in 2018 (thousand tons)  52

Table 9: Prices of feed ingredients imported to Northern ports in 2017 and 2018 (US$/ton, CNF) 53

Table 10: Prices of feed ingredients imported to Southern ports in 2017 and 2018 (US$/ton, CNF)           54

Table 11: Average prices of corn imported to Vietnam from major markets, 2017-2018 (US$/ton, CNF)   55

Table 12: Average import prices of soymeal to Vietnam of major markets, 2017-2018 (US$/ton CNF)      59

Table 13: Average prices of feed wheat imported to Northern ports and Southern ports, 2017-2018 (US$/ton, CNF)   63

Table 14: Average prices of DDGS imported to Vietnam from major markets, 2017-2018 (US$/ton, CNF)            66

Table 15: Total demand for industrial feed and self-made feed of porkers and sows in 2018 (ton) 68

Table 16: Share of feed ingredients in industrial/self-made pig feed formula in 2018 (%)    68

Table 17: Demand for feed ingredients of industrial/self-made pig feed production in 2018 (thousand tons)            69

Table 18: Total demand for industrial/self-made feed of broilers and egg-laying chickens in 2018 (thousand tons)    69

Table 19: Total demand for industrial and self-made feed for ducks for meat and ducks for egg in 2018 (thousand tons)           70

Table 20: Total demand for industrial and self-made feed for poultry flocks in 2018 (thousand tons)        70

Table 21: Share of feed ingredients in industrial/self-made poultry feed formula in 2018 (%)         70

Table 22: Total demand for feed ingredients of industrial/self-made poultry feed production in 2018 (thousand tons)    72

Table 23: Total demand for feed ingredients of industrial and self-made feed livestock and poultry feed production in 2018 (thousand tons)    73

Table 24: Corn supply-demand balance of Vietnam in 2018 (thousand tons)           74

Table 25: Tapioca chip supply-demand balance in 2017 and 2018 (ton)        75

Table 26: Soymeal exports by market in 2018 and compared to 2017 (thousand tons, %)    76

Table 27: Soymeal supply-demand balance of Vietnam in 2018 (thousand tons)      76

Table 28: Feed wheat supply-demand balance of Vietnam in 2018 (thousand tons) 77

Table 29: DDGS supply-demand balance of Vietnam in 2018 (thousand tons)        77

Table 30: Number of off-take white chicken per year of the South, the North and Vietnam as a whole (bird)            83

Table 31: Global corn production and consumption (million tons)    90

Table 32: Global wheat production and consumption (million tons)  93

Table 33: Global soybean production and consumption (million tons)          98

Table 34: Global soymeal production and consumption (million tons)          98

Table 35: Global fishmeal production and consumption (million tons)          101

Table 36: Tapioca chip supply-demand of Vietnam in 2019 (ton)     103

Table 37: Rice area and production of Mekong River Delta by crop season, 2018-2019 (thousand ha, thousand tons)    106

Table 38: Top 20 production enterprises importing feed ingredients in the South in 2018 (thousand tons, %)            111

Table 39: Top 20 production enterprises importing corn in the South in 2018 (thousand tons, %)   112

Table 40: Top 20 production enterprises importing soymeal in the South in 2018 (thousand tons, %)         114

Table 41: Top 20 production enterprises importing feed wheat in the South in 2018 (thousand tons, %)    115

Table 42: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing feed ingredients in the South in 2018 (thousand tons, %)            117

Table 43: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing corn in the South in 2018 (thousand tons, %)   119

Table 44: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing soymeal in the South in 2018 (thousand tons, %)         121

Table 45: Top commercial enterprises importing feed wheat in the South in 2018 (thousand tons, %)         122

Table 46: Top 20 production enterprises importing feed ingredient in the North in 2018 (thousand tons, %)            124

Table 47: Top 20 production enterprises importing corn in the North in 2018 (thousand tons, %)   126

Table 48: Top 20 production enterprises importing soymeal in the North in 2018 (thousand tons, %)         128

Table 49: Top 20 production enterprises importing feed wheat in the North in 2018 (thousand tons, %)    129

Table 50: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing feed ingredients in the North in 2018 (thousand tons, %)            132

Table 51: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing corn in the North in 2018 (thousand tons, %)   134

Table 52: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing soymeal the North in 2018 (thousand tons, %) 136

Table 53: Top commercial enterprises importing feed wheat the North in 2018 (thousand tons, %) 137

Table 54: Top 20 corn suppliers to Vietnam in 2018 (thousand tons)            138

Table 55: Top 20 soymeal suppliers to Vietnam in 2018 (thousand tons)      139

Table 56: Top 20 feed wheat suppliers to Vietnam in 2018 (thousand tons) 140

Table 57: Corn volume (bulk) shipped to Vung Tau port in 2018      141

Table 58: Corn volume (bulk) shipped to Cai Lan port in 2018         141

Table 59: Soymeal volume (bulk) shipped to Vung Tau port in 2018            142

Table 60: Soymeal volume (bulk) shipped to Cai Lan port in 2018   142

Table 61: Time for repopulation and raising of livestock and poultry            148

Table 62: Common concepts and terms          148

Table 63: Some specifications for imported feed ingredients 155

 

LIST OF FIGURES IN REPORT

 

Figure 1: World feed production in 2017 (million tons)         19

Figure 2: Feed production by market, 2016-2017 (million tons)        20

Figure 3: Global meat production, 2014-2018 (1,000 tons)   21

Figure 4: World GDP growth, 2018-2019 (%)           22

Figure 5: Global meat production, 2017-2019 (1,000 tons)   23

Figure 6: Livestock and poultry feed production by type of animal, 2016-2018 (million tons)        24

Figure 7: Share of livestock and poultry feed production by type of animal, 2017-2018 (%)           25

Figure 8: Corn area and production of Vietnam, 2014-2018 26

Figure 9: Corn production of some major corn planting provinces in 2017 (thousand tons) 26

Figure 10: Corn production by region, 2015-2017 (thousand tons)   27

Figure 11: Corn production of Vietnam according to AgroMonitor’s estimate, 2016-2018 (million tons)   28

Figure 12: Paddy production of Vietnam, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)         29

Figure 13: Rice bran production of Vietnam by crop, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)    29

Figure 14: Domestic tapioca residue production, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)           31

Figure 15: Feed wheat and food wheat imports of Vietnam, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)    32

Figure 16: Imports of feed and feed ingredients of Vietnam, 2017-2018 (million tons)       33

Figure 17: Corn imports of Vietnam, 2015-2018 (million tons)         34

Figure 18: Corn imports of Vietnam by month, 2017-2018 (thousand tons) 34

Figure 19: Corn imports to Vietnam by region, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)  35

Figure 20: Corn imports to Vietnam by market in 2018 and compared to 2017 (thousand tons)      36

Figure 21: Feed wheat imports of Vietnam, 2015-2018 (thousand tons)       37

Figure 22: Feed wheat imports by month, 2017-2018 (ton)   38

Figure 23: Wheat imports to Vietnam by region, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)           38

Figure 24: Feed wheat imports to Vietnam by market in 2018 and compared to 2017 (thousand tons)       39

Figure 25: DDGS imports of Vietnam, 2015-2018 (thousand tons)  40

Figure 26: DDGS imports of Vietnam by month, 2017-2018 (ton)   40

Figure 27: DDGS imports to Vietnam by region, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)          41

Figure 28: Imports of DDGS to Vietnam by market in 2018 and compared to 2017 (thousand tons)          41

Figure 29: Soymeal imports of Vietnam, 2015-2018 (thousand tons)            44

Figure 30: Soymeal imports to Vietnam by month, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)        44

Figure 31: Soymeal imports to Vietnam by region, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)        45

Figure 32: Soymeal imports to Vietnam by market in 2018 and compared to 2017 (thousand tons)            46

Figure 33: Fishmeal imports to Vietnam by region and month, 2017-2018 (thousand tons) 47

Figure 34: Bone meal imports to Vietnam by region and month, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)          47

Figure 35: Fishmeal imports to Vietnam by market in 2018 and compared to 2017 (thousand tons)            48

Figure 36: Bone meal imports to Vietnam by market in 2018 and compared to 2017 (thousand tons)         49

Figure 37: Wheat bran and rice bran imports of Vietnam, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)         50

Figure 38: Rice bran imports of Vietnam by region, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)      50

Figure 39: Wheat bran imports of Vietnam by region, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)   51

Figure 40: Imports of other oil meals excluding soymeal of Vietnam, 2017-2018 (thousand tons)  51

Figure 41: Supply of domestic and imported feed ingredients in 2018 (thousand tons)       52

Figure 42: Import corn prices to Northern ports and Southern ports, 2017-2018 (US$/ton, CNF)   56

Figure 43: Prices of imported corn in the domestic market, 2017-2018 (VND/kg)   57

Figure 44: Comparing import South American corn prices (converted) and selling corn prices at Northern ports of commercial enterprises (VND/kg)  57

Figure 45: Comparing import corn prices (converted) and selling corn prices at Southern ports of commercial enterprises (VND/kg, the converted prices are based on CNF prices of corn delivered to the ports plus tax and other costs and then multiplied by US$/VND exchange rate)           58

Figure 46: Corn prices in Son La and Dak Lak, 2017-2018 (VND/kg)         59

Figure 47: Prices of soymeal imported to Vietnam ports by month, 2017-2018 (US$/ton)   60

Figure 48: Prices of soymeal sold at Northern ports and Southern ports (VND/kg)  61

Figure 49: Comparing actual import soymeal prices of commercial enterprises and transacted soymeal prices at Northern ports, 2017-2018 (VND/kg)            61

Figure 50: Comparing actual import soymeal prices of commercial enterprises and transacted soymeal prices at Southern ports, 2017-2018 (VND/kg)            62

Figure 51: Average import wheat prices by month, 2017-2018 (US$/ton CNF)       63

Figure 52: Feed wheat prices in the domestic market by month, 2017-2018 (VND/kg)       64

Figure 53: Domestic tapioca chip prices in 2018 (VND/kg)   65

Figure 54: Domestic rice bran prices, 2017-2018 (VND/kg)  65

Figure 55: Average import DDGS prices by month, 2017-2018 (US$/ton, CNF)     66

Figure 56: Domestic DDGS prices at Hai Phong port and HCMC port (VND/kg)   67

Figure 57: Comparing corn prices and soymeal prices before and after the US-China trade war starts (US$/ton)            78

Figure 58: Correlation between CBOT soymeal prices and import soymeal prices of Vietnam, 2017-2018 (US$/ton)        79

Figure 59: US$/VND exchange rate, 2017-2018 (VND)       80

Figure 60: Number of sows farmed by companies and households of Vietnam, 2016-2018 (head) 81

Figure 61: Number of off-take porkers of Vietnam, 2016-2018 (head)         81

Figure 62: Hog prices in Dong Nai and Thai Binh (VND/kg)            82

Figure 63: Number of day-old hens imported to the North and the South of Vietnam, 2015-2018 (bird)   82

Figure 64: Outlook on livestock and poultry feed production in 2019 (million tons)            85

Figure 65: Exports of fresh/frozen chicken and poultry offals of Vietnam, 2015-2018 (ton)           85

Figure 66: Processed chicken exports of Vietnam, 2015-2018 (ton)  86

Figure 67: World corn production, 2013-2018 (million tons) 87

Figure 68: World top 5 corn exporting countries in 2017/18 and compared to the previous year (million tons)            88

Figure 69: World top 5 corn import markets in 2017/18 and compared to the previous year (million tons)  88

Figure 70: World corn prices, 2017-2018 (US$/ton)  89

Figure 71: World wheat production, 2013-2018 (million tons)          91

Figure 72: World top 5 wheat export markets in 2017/18 and compared to the previous year (million tons)            91

Figure 73: World top 5 wheat importing countries in 2017/18 and compared to the previous year (million tons)            92

Figure 74: CBOT wheat prices, 2017-2018    92

Figure 75: World soybean production, 2013-2018 (million tons)       94

Figure 76: World top 5 soybean exporting countries in 2017/2018 and compared to the previous year (million tons)    94

Figure 77: World top 5 soybean import markets in 2017/2018 and compared to the previous year (million tons)            95

Figure 78: World soymeal production, 2013-2018 (million tons)       95

Figure 79: World top 5 soymeal exporting countries in 2017/2018 and compared to the previous year (million tons)    96

Figure 80: World top 5 soymeal import markets in 2017/2018 and compared to the previous year (million tons)            96

Figure 81: CBOT soybean prices, 2017-2018 (US$/ton)        97

Figure 82: CBOT soymeal prices, 2017-2018 (US$/ton)        97

Figure 83: World fishmeal production, 2013-2018 (million tons)      99

Figure 84: World top 5 fishmeal export markets in 2017/18 and compared to the previous year (million tons)            100

Figure 85: World top 5 fishmeal import markets in 2017/18 and compared to the previous year (million tons)            100

Figure 86: Prices of Peruvian fishmeal, 2017-2018 (US$/ton)           101

Figure 87: Corn production and consumption of South Africa, 2017-2019 (million tons)    104

Figure 88: Paddy production of Vietnam, 2017-2019 (thousand tons)         106

Figure 89: Rice bran supply of Vietnam, 2017-2019 (thousand tons)            106

Figure 90: Share of livestock and poultry feed enterprises in 2017 (%)         107

Figure 91: Top 10 feed enterprises in 2017 (compared to 2016, ton) 108

Figure 92: Top 20 feed and feed ingredient importing enterprises in 2017 (ton)       109

Figure 93: Top 20 feed and feed ingredient importing enterprises in 2018 (ton)       109

Figure 94: Top 20 production enterprises importing feed ingredients in the South in 2018 (thousand tons)            110

Figure 95: Top 20 production enterprises importing corn in the South in 2019 (thousand tons)       112

Figure 96: Top 20 production enterprises importing soymeal in the South in 2018 (thousand tons) 113

Figure 97: Top 20 production enterprises importing feed wheat in the South in 2018 (thousand tons)        115

Figure 98: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing feed ingredients in the South in 2018 (thousand tons)            116

Figure 99: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing corn in the South in 2018 (thousand tons)      118

Figure 100: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing soymeal in the South in 2018 (thousand tons)          120

Figure 101: Top commercial enterprises importing feed wheat in the South in 2018 (thousand tons)          122

Figure 102: Top 20 production enterprises importing feed ingredients in the North in 2018 (thousand tons)            123

Figure 103: Top 20 production enterprises importing corn in the North in 2018 (thousand tons)     125

Figure 104: Top 20 production enterprises importing soymeal in the North in 2018 (thousand tons)           127

Figure 105: Top 20 production enterprises importing feed wheat in the North in 2018 (thousand tons)      129

Figure 106: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing feed ingredients in the North in 2018 (thousand tons)            131

Figure 107: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing corn in the North in 2018 (thousand tons)    133

Figure 108: Top 20 commercial enterprises importing soymeal the North in 2018 (thousand tons)  135

Figure 109: Top commercial enterprises importing feed wheat the North in 2018 (thousand tons)  137

Figure 110: Corn vessel being discharged at Vung Tau port in December 2018       143

Figure 111: Soymeal vessel being discharged at Vung Tau port in December 2018  144

Figure 112: Livestock and poultry feed value chain  145

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